Bed Bugs Behaviour

Bed Bugs Behaviour

How Bed Bugs Spread

Bed bugs are expert hitchhikers, known for their ability to travel long distances by clinging onto luggage, clothing, bedding, and furniture. Unlike pests that are drawn to dirt or decay, bed bugs are attracted to carbon dioxide emitted by humans and the warmth of our bodies, making our belongings perfect vehicles for their discreet travel. They commonly spread in the following ways:

  • Travel: One of the most common ways bed bugs spread is through human travel. They can easily hitch a ride in suitcases, backpacks, and other travel items.
  • Second-hand Furniture: Purchasing or acquiring used furniture can unknowingly introduce bed bugs into a home.
  • Shared Living and Lodging Spaces: High turnover rates in places like hotels, hostels, and apartment complexes facilitate bed bug dispersal.
  • Clothing and Personal Items: Bed bugs can latch onto clothes and personal items in infested areas and be carried to new locations.

Prevention Tips

Preventing bed bugs involves several strategic actions to minimize the chances of bringing them into your home:

  • Inspect Second-hand Furniture: Carefully inspect any second-hand furniture for signs of bed bugs before bringing it into your home.
  • Use Protective Covers: Use bed bug-proof covers on mattresses and box springs to deter infestations.
  • Reduce Clutter: A cluttered home provides more hiding spots for bed bugs. Keeping your space tidy can make it easier to spot an infestation early.
  • Vacuum Regularly: Regular vacuuming can help remove any early invaders before an infestation establishes.
  • Be Vigilant While Traveling: Always inspect hotel rooms for signs of bed bugs and keep luggage off the floor—preferably on a luggage rack.
  • Seal Cracks and Crevices: Seal any potential entry points in your home, including gaps in the baseboards and cracks in walls.

Life Cycle of Bed Bugs

The life cycle of a bed bug includes several stages from egg to adult. The entire cycle can be completed in as little as a month under optimal conditions, which includes a warm environment and regular feeding opportunities:

  • Egg: Whitish, about 1mm in length, and laid in hidden areas.
  • Nymph: There are five nymphal stages, requiring a blood meal to molt to the next stage. They resemble smaller versions of adult bed bugs.
  • Adult: After the final molt, bed bugs reach adulthood. Adults are about the size of an apple seed, reddish-brown, and can live for approximately 10 months to a year, depending on conditions.

Behavior of Bed Bugs

Bed bugs are primarily nocturnal, coming out at night to feed on the blood of humans and animals. Their behavior includes:

  • Feeding: Bed bugs feed on blood, typically for about 5 to 10 minutes at a time, usually when their host is asleep.
  • Hiding: During the day, bed bugs hide in cracks and crevices close to sleeping areas. This includes mattresses, box springs, bed frames, and nearby furniture.
  • Reproduction: Females can lay hundreds of eggs (around 200-300 eggs) over their lifetime, allowing for rapid population growth in conducive conditions. Each time the female would lay between 1 to 7 eggs on each day, after feeding.
  • Aggregation: Bed bugs are known to aggregate due to pheromones, often leading to large infestations in a single area.


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